Teachers’ Perceptions and Attitudes towards Retirement in Secondary Schools: An Analytical Study


This study was designed to determine teachers’ perceptions and attitudes towards retirement in Secondary School in Rivers State, Nigeria. The study adopted descriptive survey design because; survey information has been accepted as a useful tool in educational research for describing existing information of programme practice. The population of the study consisted of all the 990 teachers in 21 Government owned Senior Secondary Schools in Port-Harcourt Metropolis. The sample size was made up of 400 teachers’ representing 40% of the total population in 10 randomly selected Government Senior secondary schools in Port Harcourt Metropolis. The stratified random sampling technique was used for the study in order to ensure that the selection was representative of diversity of the population in a typical River State secondary school system. Then (400) teachers made up of (250) females and (150) males were randomly selected from each of the schools already sampled. The instruments used for the study data collection was Teachers’ Perception and Attitudes Rating Scale (TPARS) and Teachers’ Retirement Perception Rating Scale (TRAPRS), which were designed by the researcher to elicit information on perception of teachers on retirement. The attitude rating scale was adapted from attitude retirement scale from Trans-American centre for retirement studies to suite the purpose of the study and was given to some experts in measurement and evaluation for a critical examination of the contents and in line with the purpose of the study. To achieve satisfactory degree of reliability, the Rating Scale was administered to 20 teachers in UBE section in secondary schools not sampled for the study. After an interval of 2 weeks, it was retested and at the end, their responses were analysed by using the Pearson Product- moment correction coefficient which provided a reliability coefficient 0.75 (r = 0.75) which implies a high reliability. The rating scale was administered and collected by the researcher with the help of other teachers in the sampled schools. The data in the Rating Scale were all scored on a 4-point scale with a mean of 2.5 and results were analyzed by calculating the mean, standard deviation and percentage responses to assess perception and attitude of teachers’ towards retirement. Findings among others show that secondary school teachers in Port Harcourt Metropolis, Rivers State know that no matter how efficient they have been in teaching, there comes a time they have to take their exist or retire either by age or years of service. From the analysis of the results, it shows that secondary school teachers’ in Port Harcourt Metropolis of Rivers State do perceive retirement as statutory and a formal disengagement from full paid teaching employment. Recommendations were made based on findings of the study