This paper examines students’ records of English language exercises in public schools in Rivers State, Nigeria. Students’ record shows classroom practices or interaction between teachers and students as it relates to the implementation of the national policy on education. Students and teachers in public secondary school constitute the population of this study. Data for the study was got through content analysis of 30 English language notes from 30 students in five secondary schools in Rivers State. Structured interview was also used to elicit data from 15 English language teachers and 72 students in public secondary schools to corroborate the students’ record. Simple frequency and percentage are used for data analysis. Based on the findings, the paper reveals amongst others that students’ lacks as a result of the quality of language instruction is majorly responsible for students’ proneness to examination malpractices and mass failure in English language in NECO and WAEC. The paper recommends the provision of an optimal learning environment for language learning as well as the use of a good supervisory technique to ensure instructional quality in language arts in public schools in Rivers State.