Educational Reforms in Nigeria: for Who and Why?


Great changes are occurring in the global world, and the educational system must respond to these changes or become obsolete and irrelevant. There is evidence in Nigeria which over the year has shown that government investment in education has not achieved the desired results, goals and objectives. The failure of the educational sector has increased the incidence of poverty and deprivation of the vulnerable groups. Education in Nigeria is said to be an instrument “par excellence” for effecting national development. The country’s educational goals should be clearly set out in terms of their relevance to the needs of the individual and those of the society, in consonance with the realities of our environment and the modern world. For the educational system in Nigeria therefore to be relevant to the needs of individual and the society, there must be radical changes in our educational system in terms of curricular content, methodology and instructional materials. It is only through educational reform strategy that Nigeria as a nation can keep pace with the accelerated technological changes in the modern world. This paper therefore looks at the individual (Learner) and the society as beneficiaries of educational reforms. The paper seeks to know why they need reforms, which are the target groups and policy options for effectiveness of educational system reforms at any levels. The paper equally sees ICT as a veritable strategy for such radical reforms at the classroom and society levels; it discusses the role of the teacher as the implementer of the reforms at the classroom level. It equally looks at the problems confronting the implementation of IT reform strategy. It also highlights on the prospects of ICT at these levels. Therefore, the research paper will fill the gaps that have been yet addressed by the researchers in a study related to Educational reforms in Nigeria and this will also help in improving the methodology and selection of instructional materials for Educational system in Nigeria. The paper concludes with recommendations on how this giant stride technology can meet the needs of learner and society.